Home / Products & pipeline / IVS-3001 : anti-HLA-G CAR T cells

IVS-3001 : anti-HLA-G CAR T cells

Modified autologous CAR T cells to eliminate HLA-G-bearing cancer cells

a) What are CAR-T cells?

Chimeric Antigen Receptors (CARs) are artificial receptors, derived from monoclonal antibodies specific to a tumor antigen, which are implanted on T cells to redirect these cells against said tumor antigen. In practice, CD8+ T cells are first isolated from a patient, and modified to express the CAR directed against said patient’s tumor marker. The modified T cells (now called CAR-T cells, or CAR-Ts) are then reinjected into the patient and will seek and destroy the cells displaying the targeted antigen. For this reason, it is crucial to have a tumor specific antigen not expressed on healthy cells to avoid any side effects. Given the characteristics of HLA-G, it is the best tumor specific antigen to cancerous cells. These CAR-Ts are called autologous, as they are based on the patient’s own cells.

Drawing on its HLA-G platform, Invectys has developed a 3rd-generation CAR construct, named IVS-3001, allowing anti-HLA-G CAR-T cells to target and kill HLA-G-bearing cells. These are the first in class CAR-T cells engineered to target the immune checkpoint HLA-G.

IVS-3001 is currently in Phase 1/2a clinical trials in subjects with refractory or relapsed HLA-G-positive solid tumors, thanks to a $14.2 million CPRIT funding by the State of Texas (NCT05672459).

b) In vivo results

IVS-3001 has demonstrated in vivo its ability to migrate to tumor sites and destroy HLA-G-bearing cells. Mice treated with anti-HLA-G CAR-T cells have shown a near-total absence of tumor growth.

c) unique benefits

  • IVS-3001 is not hindered by the immuno-suppressive effects related to the HLA-G interaction with the ILT2 receptor which could be expressed by T cells.
  • Since HLA-G expressing tumor cells were shown to induce suppressive APC, regulatory T cells and suppressive NK cells displaying HLA-G on their surface, by eliminating HLA-G+ cells, Invectys’ CAR-T cells disrupt the HLA-G related immuno-suppressive microenvironment created by the tumor, allowing the restoration of the patient’s immune response.
  • HLA-G represents the best tumor specific antigen to date since it is almost not expressed on healthy tissues. Adverse events related the “on-target, off-tumor” effects will be very limited if not absent.
  • IVS-3001 covers the main immuno-suppressive HLA-G isoform expressed by carcinoma

d) External recognition

The IVS-3001 project was awarded by multiple independent organisms:

  • Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas award 2020
  • “Best Project” award at the MATWIN 2019 competition
  • CAR-T poster selected for top 10 at ESMO Immuno Oncology, Geneva, December 2019
  • Awarded by the EU-funded (France, Germany, Italy & United Kingdom) collaborative research project CARAT (Chimeric Antigen Receptors for Advanced Therapies)


glossary is available for technical definitions.